Infancy and childhood vaccination schedule

Infancy and childhood vaccination schedule

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Since children are mostly under family control until they start school, infectious diseases do not affect them or occur less frequently. Although sickness or even fever of children during school is necessary for the development of his immune system, frequent illness can be a sign of danger. Colds are among the most common diseases in childhood. Such that; adults have an average of 2 to 4 times a year, while children may have a 6-10 times cold. Moreover, children are both heavier and longer lasting than adults.Medicana Çamlıca Hospital Pediatric Health and Diseases Specialist. Dr. Hülya Karaca gave information about the vaccination schedule in children. The aim of the immunization is to prevent the emergence of vaccine-preventable diseases in infants and children and to prevent deaths and disabilities caused by these diseases. Vaccination of all microorganisms or parts of the specific process to give life to them without giving them a significant problem, natural infection after the immune response is similar to the response received. The list of recommended vaccines is increasing day by day and the Global Vaccination and Immunization Association since 2000, including new and low-income countries to reach all vaccines and prevent more than 5.5 million deaths per year. In order to achieve this aim, children should be vaccinated at the earliest period and as soon as possible 14 diseases (tuberculosis, diphtheria, whooping cough, tetanus, polio, measles, rubella, mumps, hepatitis B, Hemophilus infuenzae type b, Streptococcus pneumonia, hepatitis A and chickenpox). In our country, vaccines that are not included in the routine schedule other than the childhood vaccination schedule administered by the Ministry of Health. is available. Vaccination can be summarized as follows: Hepatitis B vaccine at birth, three doses at the end of the first and six months, BCG (tuberculosis) vaccine, single dose at the end of the second month, diphtheria-acellular pertussis, tetanus, inactive polio, haemophilus influanza type b (5-mixed) 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 18 months at the end of the reminder dose is administered in the form of four-grade primary Hib Hib.conjugated pneumococcal vaccine (pneumonia) 2. month, 4. month, At the end of the 6th month and 12th month, Oral polio (polio) vaccine at the end of the 6th month and 18th month, Measles-rubella-mumps mix at the end of the 12th month and in the 1st year of primary school. In addition, adult type diphtheria-tetanus vaccine is available in the 8th grade.

What are the new vaccines added to the Vaccination Calendar?

The Ministry of Health has vaccines that are not in the routine vaccination schedule but which we are administering. These route virus vaccine and meningococcal (meningitis) vaccine.Rota virus vaccine in the form of 2 or 3 doses from the 2nd month, Meningitis vaccine is administered in the form of 2 doses with an interval of 3 months from the 9th month. is repeated.

Is it important that the vaccine is given on time?

We need to know that the vaccination of vaccine-preventable diseases is a chance for our children. Unless there is a scientific justification for not having vaccinations, we do not find it impractical. The Ministry of Health organizes vaccination campaigns by taking the necessary precautions in case of any infectious disease increase or epidemic danger. In such a case, it is necessary to give the appropriate vaccines.

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