Memorial Antalya Hospital Obstetrics and Gynecology Department Op. Dr. Zeki Salar, cervical cancer gave information about the correct known mistakes.
Wrong: Cervical cancer is the second most common cancer in women
Right: In the statistical study of cancer incidence, which includes the United States and European countries, cervical cancer is not among the top 10 most common cancers with neither frequency nor life-threatening properties. The disease ranks 17th among all cancer types.
Wrong: Cervical cancer is an insidious disease
Right: While there are no signs of female cancers, particularly in ovarian cancer, until the later stages of the disease, cervical cancer gives signs in the early stages. In the early phase; Abnormal spotting may present with frequent symptoms such as vaginal bleeding, bleeding after sexual intercourse, malodorous discharge, broth discharge, genital itching and burning.
Wrong: The cause of cervical cancer is unclear
Right: Nowadays, the main cause of many cancers is not clear. It is known that only some factors facilitate the emergence of some cancers and accelerate the process. For example; smoking in lung cancer, excessive alcohol consumption accelerates the process of pancreatic cancer. In cervical cancer, unlike other cancers, a virus has been shown to cause cancer. This virus is the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV). There are more than a hundred varieties of HPV and not all cause cancer. Detection of the virus as an agent; mumps, measles, such as diseases, such as the development of protective vaccine against the virus has created the idea.
False: Success rate in cervical cancer treatment is low
Right: When cervical cancer is diagnosed and treated at an early stage, the success rate is 80-85%. The disease is very easy to diagnose early and the results of early treatment are very gratifying.
Wrong: Early diagnosis of cervical cancer is difficult
Right: In addition to its characteristic symptoms in early period, cervical cancer can be easily diagnosed by gynecological examination and “Smear Test”.
Wrong: Vaccination alone is sufficient to prevent cervical cancer
Right: There are more than 100 types of HPV that cause cervical cancer. Today, two types of cervical cancer-causing protective vaccine has been developed. There are currently two different vaccines for HPV. Both provide protection against HPV 16 and HPV 18, which often causes the cervix. Vaccines provide protection against two types of HPV. However, these two viruses are responsible for 70% of cervical cancer. It is not clear whether the vaccine provides lifetime protection.
False: Like other cancers, cervical cancer is not contagious.
Right: HPV is the most important risk factor known for cervical cancer. This virus was detected in 99.7% of the patients. HPV is the most common sexually transmitted virus. It is very common in society. After having a wart in the genital area, it is highly contagious as high as 60%. Although direct cervical cancer is not contagious, it is highly contagious.