General

What are the most common disorders during pregnancy?

What are the most common disorders during pregnancy?

Causes of pregnancy disorders
Cardiovascular system usually occurs during pregnancy. This is a condition that occurs in every pregnancy without problems. This burden on the cardiovascular system causes the mother to observe changes in blood pressure. The reason for the increased heart load during pregnancy is the increase in the oxygen requirements of body tissues. The reasons for the increase in oxygen demand are:

1)It is the rapid growth of the body and organs of the fetus. In the growth of the baby, the oxygen consumption per volume unit of fetus tissues is higher than that of the mother.

2)The reason for the increased heart load is not only the growth of the breast and uterus, but also the hypertrophy of the mother's tissues and the need for oxygen. In addition, the muscle load of the expectant mother increases as a result of the growth of both her own and the fetus body.

Tired mother candidates
One of the reasons that most mothers feel more tired than normal in the first period of pregnancy is the increased pressure on the cardiovascular system. In addition, new feelings and thoughts exhaust the body of mothers. Faced with changing feelings and thoughts on the one hand and the increasing physical load on the other, the body has to overcome a number of difficulties. Physically rapid increase in blood volume, water retention in the body, changes in the musculoskeletal system caused by rapidly growing infants and hormones are the main causes of fatigue.

Dizziness and faints
Dizziness and fainting are common problems in pregnancy. The main reason for this situation is the lack of blood supply to the brain temporarily. This is caused by the loosening of blood vessels during pregnancy and consequently the accumulation of blood in certain parts of the body according to the posture of the body. Often, a supine pregnant may experience dizziness or even a fainting sensation when he or she wants to stand up quickly; therefore, pregnant women are advised to move heavily while standing up from a supine position, and to remain slowly and with support. In pregnancy, dizziness usually disappears a few minutes after it occurs. If dizziness persists for a longer period of time, you should consult your doctor.

High blood pressure due to pregnancy
Due to excess water retention in the body, rapid and excessive weight gain leads to swelling of the face and hands, high blood pressure (greater than 14 or greater, less than 9 or higher) and protein excretion in the urine. Depending on the severity of high blood pressure, blurred vision, headache, restlessness, blurred consciousness, impaired liver and kidney functions may cause a life threatening situation for the mother.

Preeclampsia occurs in about 10 percent of pregnancies. Preeclampsia is a serious pregnancy problem that should be closely monitored under the supervision of a doctor. Preeclampsia, which can cause permanent damage to the mother's nervous system, vessels or kidneys, can also cause stress in the baby due to growth retardation (because the amount of blood flowing from the placenta to the baby is reduced) or oxygen deprivation. In terms of blood pressure changes in pregnancy, it should be closely monitored because it has serious consequences.